Also covered within this other government departments and bodies such as Ofsted.
Work in Progress - Needs completing. Needs photos.
Whilst analysis of the Department's evolving reaction to educational technology shows that it was usually slow and reluctant, reacting to the external pressure created by new technological innovations (audio visual aids, computers, microlectronics, information superhighway, personal technologies) only after they were championed by other bits of government - it was also driven by a small number of enthusiastic civil servants and politicans who took a proactive stance. The pen-portraits below are not an exhaustive list but offer a snapshot of some of the drivers behind particular departmental inititiatives.
Kenneth Baker, initially as an MP, then as Minister for Information Technology at the DTI and then as Secretary of State for Education and Science was a strong advocate for technology in education.
Gabriel Golstein was HMI
Minister for Information Technology and Secretary of State
In the early days up to the 1980s educational technology was too small a matter for it to attract the attention of the civil service anything than as a passing interest. The MEP advisory committee from 1980 onwards was chaired by two up and coming senior civil sevants, Nicholas Summers (who memorably described the Department as a vehicle which has the engine of a lawnmower and the brakes of a juggernaut) and Nick Stuart who went on to be the architect of the 1988 Education Reform Act. The committee was administered by Peter Fulford Jones.
Interestingly the Ministers were more enthusiastic, Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister took a strong interest and Kenneth Baker, initially as an MP, then as Minister for Information Technology at the DTI and then as Secretary of State for Education and Science was a strong advocate. Understanding and enthusiasm was also provided by people like David Young (Chairman) and Geoffrey Holland (Director) of the MSC were also instrumental in setting up TVEI which pushed the Department from the outside to consider the impact of technology on education and training.
Head of IT in Schools
Phillip Lewis and David Noble were key from
Gabriel Goldstein HMI
Before the creation of Ofsted the HMI were seen as an independent(ish) part of the Department offering advice based on school visits and individual expertise. The first HMI to have a major impact on educational technology was Maurice Edmunsen who worked ... Peter Seabourne Brian Harris Gabriel Goldstein
Head of Superhighways
and Multimedia Unit
Robin Ritzema, along with his colleague Andrew Partridge..
Head of ICT in Schools
Doug Brown was a continuous ..
Head of e-learning strategy
unit (seconded from OU 2002-5)
Secretary of State for Education
Charles Clarke was ...
Minister for Schools
Jim Knight was instrumental in many of the later educational technology developments, in particular Home Access, where he chaired its Task Force.
Director of Technology
In 1964, the Ministry of Education was reorganised as the Department of Education and Science (DES), and Quintin Hogg became the first Secretary of State for Education and Science.
Set up in 1963 by the then Ministry of Education the Brynmor Jones Committee published its report in 1965 entitled 'Audio-Visual Aids in Higher Scientific Education'.
The Plowden Report ....
The Manpower Services Commission (MSC) pilot TVEI in November 1982.
City Technology Colleges Trust established – First CTC opened in Solihull in 1988.
The Education Reform Act (ERA) was published and included a wide range of reforms including the introduction of the national curriculum and assessment.
Evans, R. (2008) The Technical and Vocational Education Initiative (TVEI) 1983- 1997 [online] http://www.technicaleducationmatters.org/node/192